Trudeau Wins – Adding Another Minority Government To The List

Canada’s Justin Trudeau has won a second term as prime minister by the skin of his teeth in a federal election – but he becomes one in a long list of premiers who must rely on a political alliance to stand a chance of governing.

With a few results still to declare, his Liberals collared 156 but need another 14 to gain an absolute majority in the 338 seat House of Commons.

Even if he wins the late declarations, Trudeau will still fall short of the 170 seat majority target.

“We seek hardship for none and prosperity for all, and if we unite around these common goals, I know we can achieve them,” Trudeau announced to  cheering supporters after the polls closed.

Trudeau becomes one of a lengthening list of minority leaders.

Unhappy alliances

In the US, President Donald Trump is heading for a hopeful second term, but is a minority Republican in a Democrat Congress stifling his every move.

In Britain, Prime Minister Boris Johnson faces the hapless task of steering his European Union Withdrawal Bill through Parliament with 288 out of 650 MPs to rely on.

A minority government is when a political party does not have most seats in parliament. Under a minority, laws can only be passed with the support of opposition members.

Many countries struggle on with alliances between political rivals that can be made and unmade over years or even decades.

Italy and Denmark are good examples of countries where successive governments have failed to win any where near a majority for long periods.

Countries with minority governments

Other countries with minority governments include:

CountryLeaderSeats
  GovernmentSupportTotal
ArmeniaNikol Pashinyan4744.80%653/10550.50%
BelgiumCharles Michel5234.70%3385/15056.70%
CanadaJustin Trudeau15633.10%0156/33833.10%
CroatiaAndrej Plenković6039.70%1676/15150.30%
Czech RepublicAndrej Babiš9346.50%15108/20054.00%
DenmarkMette Frederiksen4826.80%4391/17950.80%
Republic of IrelandLeo Varadkar5232.90%4496/15860.80%
New ZealandJacinda Ardern5545.80%863/12052.50%
PortugalAntónio Costa10847.00%31139/23060.40%
SloveniaMarjan Šarec4246.70%1153/9058.90%
South KoreaMoon Jae-in12842.70%0128/30042.70%
SpainPedro Sánchez8524.30%96181/35051.70%
SwedenStefan Löfven11633.20%79195/34955.90%

Source: Wikipedia

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